Gum disease (gingivitis) is a bacterial infection that causes inflammation of gums around the base of the teeth. It is typically caused by plaque build-up on your teeth causing inflammation of the gums. Without proper brushing and flossing and regular dental cleanings this plaque calcifies, which irritates the gums further leading to long term and persistent inflammation.
While the severity of gum disease varies, early symptoms to watch out for include bad breath, tender gums and/or bleeding gums.
Gum disease is usually pain free. However, if left untreated it can lead to periodontitis (a severe form of gum disease), which results in bone loss and can lead to pain and eventually tooth loss. This is why it is important, if you are experiencing early signs of gum disease to book an appointment with our dental hygienist. They will assess the severity of your gum disease and perform a deep clean as necessary.
After your appointment, the hygienist will also teach you correct oral hygiene methods to prevent your gum disease from recurring.